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On December 17, 2019, it will be the date in the history of the development of the Chinese Navy, because on this day, the first domestic aircraft carrier “Shandong” was officially delivered at the Sanya military port in Hainan Province.

This is a milestone event, marking the Chinese Navy officially ushering in the era of domestic aircraft carriers. First of all, we can experience the heroic beauty of Shandong Ship through the delivery ceremony broadcasted by News Network.

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Some people may ask, I heard that the second aircraft carrier, this domestically produced aircraft carrier, was launched and piloted. Why is the delivery ceremony scheduled today?

For the Chinese, December 17 is a very special day. Today, 131 years ago, that is, December 17, 1888, the Beiyang Marine Division was officially established in Liugong Island, Weihai. What happened next is unforgettable for every Chinese.

Therefore, choosing such a day to usher in the service of Shandong Ship has very important historical significance in itself.

After the news was released today, many people were surprised. Why is it “Shandong”?

According to public information, the choice of “Shandong” as the name of the first domestic aircraft carrier is mainly due to the important contribution of the Qingdao Qingdao Navy Port to the construction of a dedicated military port and support facility for domestic aircraft carriers.

In addition to the supply of ammunition, oil and other materials to the aircraft carrier formation, the Qingdao Naval Base has also built naval air stations, parks, hospitals, and libraries and other infrastructure facilities around the base to solve the daily training of carrier-based pilots and the formation of officers and men. Daily life and other issues.

What kind of international level is Shandong Carrier? What changes will the Chinese Navy bring after serving?

The Shandong ship and the Liaoning ship are quite similar in appearance, but have been greatly improved. The biggest difference is that the size of carrier-based aircraft will be expanded, and the increase of carrier-based aircraft will further enhance the combat effectiveness of Shandong ships; Improvement is not simply a modification of the drawing.

The predecessor of the Liaoning ship was the “Varyag” designed by the former Soviet Union. The original plan was to be a “carrier cruiser”. There were 12 SS-N-19 anti-ship missile launchers in the front of the flight deck. This is a Soviet feature, but Anti-ship missiles are huge and the launch structure occupies huge internal space. Therefore, after being converted into Liaoning ships, they can only carry 24x J-15 carrier aircraft.

As a carrier designed by China itself, the Shandong ship avoids the “giant pit” in the Soviet plan and increases the hangar capacity. According to public information, domestic carriers can carry at least 36x J-15 carrier aircraft. Compared with Liaoning ships, The number has increased by 50%.

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Break Through

It should be noted that there are many factors to be considered in ship design, including cabins, pipelines, counterweights, and the position of the center of gravity. Therefore, although the Shandong ship was redesigned on the basis of the Liaoning ship, this is also the experience of warship ship design. A test of competence; this is like a blank paper. Although the questions are similar to the previous one, it is still a closed book examination of a blank paper.

Shandong Ship successfully completed construction and sea trials and was officially delivered to the Navy. The completion of this “one-stop” shows that China has passed the graduation examination for the ability to design and build aircraft carriers.

Advanced

Shandong Ship, as the latest carrier in service worldwide, naturally has to compare it with other children’s children.

As a 60,000-ton-class medium-sized aircraft carrier, there is still a certain gap compared with the “First Echelon” America’s latest “Ford” -class ultra-large aircraft carrier and the mature “Nimitz” -class large-scale aircraft carrier. China wants to achieve It will take some time to catch up, but the Shandong ship itself is not a “target ship” that is used to benchmark the two aircraft carriers.

At present, more comparison is the British “Queen Elizabeth” class aircraft carrier, the two tonnage is about the same (60,000 tons), the size of the carrier-based aircraft (about 40), are both newly designed and built aircraft carriers, comparable Strong.

It is believed that the Shandong ship is more like an aircraft carrier than the “Queen Elizabeth” class. This is not a degradation of the design of the queen-class aircraft carrier twin ship island, but the difference between the two main combat missions.

 

The Shandong ship is an “orthodox” fleet carrier that is mainly fighting for naval warfare and sea domination, while the queen-class carrier is a “do-nothing” carrier that strengthens its ability to attack land, sometimes more similar to an oversized The amphibious assault ship, which is why the Queen class chose the F-35B short-range / vertical take-off and landing fighter as the carrier-based aircraft, but the F-35B is an advanced generation over the J-15, which is the Queen’s greatest advantage.

It is unlikely that China will develop a fifth-generation carrier-based fighter jet for the Shandong ship. After all, there is news that China’s next aircraft carrier is likely to be a catapult takeoff.

In addition, the French “Charles de Gaulle” is also a carrier with good comprehensive performance. This is the only ejection-type nuclear power carrier in the world except the United States. However, the “Charles de Gaulle” has a smaller tonnage and a nuclear power plant. There are design flaws that limit the performance of the aircraft carrier De Gaulle. Compared with the Shandong ship, it may be slightly inferior.

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In terms of tonnage, similar to the Shandong ship, there is the Russian Admiral Kuznetsov, who brought it out. Uncle Island was a bit unbearable; together with China and the United Kingdom, it is expected to become the world’s largest carrier. The second echelon is also India, but the island uncle really doesn’t want to “milk print”. India still has to build the “Vikrant” in the Cochin shipyard.

Therefore, it can be said that the Shandong ship is currently one of the most advanced aircraft carriers in the world, mainly due to the late construction time and the use of the most advanced and mature ship-borne equipment, but the Shandong ship is not the “target ship” of the Chinese Navy. Construction has a role of “inheriting and supporting”. When the next generation of China’s new aircraft carrier is completed and put into service, we will be one step closer to the “first echelon”.

 

Combat

The Shandong ship is a very important warship in the history of the development of the Chinese navy. If the Liaoning ship allows the Chinese navy to enter the door of the aircraft carrier navy, the service of the Shandong ship means that the Chinese navy has officially taken the path of the aircraft carrier navy.

Because the Liaoning ship is often used as a maritime research and training base, and the Shandong ship is a newly constructed aircraft carrier, it is more responsible for combat tasks. Uncle Island believes that although the Shandong ship may not be able to completely disengage from experimental and scientific research tasks, it is mainly used as a combat ship.

The main deployment direction of the Shandong ship is in the relevant waters of the South China Sea. In recent years, certain countries’ naval vessels and air force fighters have often carried out so-called “free navigation” in the South China Sea, causing disturbances, causing troubles, and provoking China’s national sovereignty.

The carrier battle group with the Shandong ship as the core sits in the South China Sea, and it is likely that there will be a “face-to-face” situation with foreign ships.

If Liaoning warships let the Chinese Navy “trial” aircraft carriers, then from the moment the Shandong warships came into service, they would have to face the intricate regional security situation. This is the actual use of aircraft carriers.

On November 17th, Shandong Ship passed the Taiwan Strait and went to relevant waters of the South China Sea to conduct scientific research experiments and routine training. This is a video released by the Chinese Navy at that time.

 

Twin Carriers

Will the Liaoning Carrier and the Shandong Carrier come together in the future? It is believed that although Liaoning warships are stationed in the north and Shandong warships are stationed in the south, with more than half of China across, such a picture will be necessary in the future.

The Chinese Navy will inevitably use these two carriers to test the tactics of the dual carrier battle group. The advantages brought by the dual carriers are not 1 + 1 = 2, but 1 + 1> 2, and one carrier provides air defense and Assisted operations will liberate the carrier-based aircraft of another aircraft carrier, more for offensive missions.

This tactic will inevitably become commonplace with the increase in the number of Chinese naval aircraft carriers in the future; then, before this, the experience of deck scheduling and carrier-based aircraft configuration of dual aircraft carriers will begin to accumulate in advance.

UnofficialChina

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